Guzheng is also called Zheng. It is one kind of the oldest Chinese traditional musical instrument. Upon the Warring States period (403 - 211 B.C.), it was most popular in Qin territory (now Shaanxi province). So it was also called "Qin Zheng".
According to the historical records from the poetry and other writings, they told us that the instrument was beloved by the public and most people could manage it. It also reflected the importance of it in the civil through music history.
Although Zheng was originated from Qin territory, it was gradually spread to Henan, Shandong, Guangdong, Yunnan, Zhejiang provinces and became their civil instruments. Today, Zheng has been greater developed and is one kind of the traditional musical instruments among the people in China.
The sound box of the instrument is made by a long wooden board from tong tree. On the upper arch-shade side is load with strings across the separate bridges. In the past, the strings were made with silk, or bronze. Nowadays, they are made with steel and nylon. And the number of strings has developed from twelve to twenty five. On the lower flat side, there are two sound holes. The smaller one near the head of the instrument is used for affixing the strings. While the bigger one in the middle is used for the sound to transmit downward.